The city of Algiers, capital and largest city of Algeria, extends for 16 km (10 miles) on the hilly slopes along the Bay of Algiers. The city forms a large amphitheatre of dazzling white buildings that dominate the harbour and the bay. The city is divided into two. The lower part is the modern city, built by the French, with wide boulevards, theatres, cathedrals, museums and an opera house. The Muslim part is the old city, built on the upper slopes of the hills with narrow, twisting streets dominated by the Kasbah, a 16th-century fortress built by the Turks, which lends its name to the entire quarter.
Settled by the Phoenicians in 1200 BC, part of the Roman Empire from 146 BC, overrun by the Vandals and ruled by the Byzantines and Arabs, the present city was founded about 950 by Berbers. Contolled by various European, Arabian, and Berber warlords for 500 years, it became part of the Ottoman Empire, and the capital of the infamous Barbary Coast. For 300 years Barbary pirates preyed upon shipping from all over the world. Algiers remained a pirate port until 1830 when France captured the city and later the country. They retained control until 1962, when Algeria won independence.
The following 8 cruises call at Algiers.
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