Niue is a self-governing island in free association with New Zealand, in the Pacific Ocean. It is situated approximately 286 miles east of Tonga and 1,343 miles north-east of New Zealand. The world's largest uplifted coral island, Niue has an area of about 100 sq miles. The island's perimeter consists of uneven cliffs that drop abruptly into the sea. The interior is marked by a plateau that rises about 61 m (200 ft) above sea level. Niue is encircled by a broken fringing reef. The climate is tropical and humid and the official currency is the New Zealand dollar. There is no port in Niue and the only suitable anchorage lies off the town of Alofi.
Niue probably was settled more than 1,000 years ago by Tongans and Samoans. In 1774 the British explorer James Cook became the first European to visit the island, which he named Savage Island for the hostile reception he received. In the mid-19th century, missionaries of the London Missionary Society converted the Niueans to Christianity. Niueans petitioned Queen Victoria three times to place their island under the protection of the British Crown; they were successful in 1900. The following year, Niue was annexed by New Zealand as part of the Cook Islands. In 1904 it became a separate colony with its own administration. In preparation for self-government, the legislative assembly was established in 1960 and in 1974 Niue became self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
The following 7 cruises call at Alofi (Niue Island).
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