Amsterdam is divided by canals into approximately 90 islands joined by almost 1200 bridges and home to thousands of bicycles. Almost the entire city rests on a foundation of piles driven through peat and sand to a firm substratum of clay. Amsterdam has three Ocean Cruise Terminals, one close to the city centre about 1km from the central station, Scandia in the suburbs and Ijmuiden at the sea entrance to the Nordzee Kanaal. Riverboats dock at three locations all quite close to the city centre - at De Ruytekade Oost, the Ocean Cruise Terminal and Steiger 16.
Holland's historic capital will delight you with its 60 miles of serene, tree-lined canals mirroring countless gabled 17th and 18th century townhouses. It's also a showcase of some superb art galleries and museums (including the renowned Rijksmuseum and Vincent Van Gogh Museum). The city has numerous examples of 16th and 17th century architecture, as well as two historic churches: the Oude Kerk (Old Church), built about 1300, and the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), built in the 15th century. The royal palace, originally built in the 17th century as the town hall, stands on a large square in the centre of the city. Above all, it's a vibrant city of today, its seemingIy inexhaustible energy by day and night fuelled by over 1,500 bars and cafes.
From here you can also visit the world-renowned Keukenhof Gardens, ablaze in the Spring with flowering bulbs.
Amsterdam, chartered as a city in 1300, became a member of the Hanseatic League in 1369. In the 17th century, after the successful conclusion of the Dutch wars of independence against Spain, Amsterdam became the commercial centre of northern Europe. The city retained its dominance until the late 18th century, when trade declined as a result of the silting of the Zuider Zee and the British blockade during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1810 Napoleon incorporated the country into the French Empire, but after his downfall the Netherlands regained its independence and Amsterdam became the official capital. In the latter part of the 19th century, commercial activity revived with the opening of the North Sea and North Holland canals. During World War II Amsterdam was occupied by the German army for five years. The people suffered great hardship: the young Jewish girl Anne Frank was the most famous victim of the occupation. Her house is now a museum.
There are more
than 30 cruises calling at this port. Click the month or cruise line
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