Alaska's largest city lies between the Knik and Turnagain arms of Cook Inlet and the rugged Chugach Mountains in southern Alaska. To the south of the city are the glacier-carved fjord of the Kenai Peninsula and to the north is the Alaska Range, home of Mount McKinley and Denali National Park. It serves as the financial, communications, and transportation hub of Alaska. Anchorage is a city of contrasts. After a day of skiing or dogsledding, you can dine at a fine restaurant. Surrounded by all the beauty and activities Alaska has to offer, Anchorage provides visitors with a unique blend of spectacular scenery, Russian and Native heritage, Alaskan adventure, and big city amenities.
Take a walk around the downtown area to visit Resolution Park with the Captain Cook Monument, Oscar Henderson House in Elderberry Park and the Anchorage Museum of History & Art. Nearby attractions include Earthquake Park, the Native Heritage Center, Eagle River Nature Center, the Eklutna Historical Park and Portage Glacier. Further afield you can take boat sightseeing tours via Seward of the Kenai Fjords National Park or Prince William Sound Glaciers or explore the Denali National Park by road or air.
Anchorage was founded in 1914 as the headquarters of the Alaska Railroad running north to Fairbanks. It became a key aviation and defence centre with the construction of Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Air Force Base during World War II and later a regular stop on air routes from Europe and the United States to East Asia. This traffic has almost ceased but has been replaced by tourism and air freight. Anchorage was devastated by a massive earthquake in 1964 and much of the downtown area has been rebuilt. The discovery of North Slope oil in 1968 brought the most recent boom with oil and construction companies setting up offices in the city.
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