Ancud is located in the Chiloe archipelago off Chile's southern coast, on the northern point of the main island, Isla Grande. Founded in 1767, the port is dominated by the ruins of Fuerte San Antonio, the last Spanish stronghold in the country, which finally surrendered to independent Chile in 1826. While the town grew rapidly at the beginning of the century, when it was a centre of international trade, it is now mainly a fishing port with small, brightly-coloured boats and colourful houses in the town adding to the picturesque look.
The Museo Regional Aurelio Borquez Canobra includes a series of stone statues representing figures from local folklore. The museum also has a replica of the wooden boat the took settlers to colonize southern Chile in the mid-19th century. For spectacular views of the surrounding countryside, visitors can climb to the top of Huaihučn Hill.
The original inhabitants of Chiloe were Chonos and then Mapuche Indians. The Spanish took possession in 1567 and Chiloe was the last bastion of Spanish resistance in South America, surrendering in 1826.
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