The Antarctic Peninsula is an extension of the Transantarctic
Mountain chain. The Peninsula was formed from uplifted submarine troughs that were filled with sediment about 220 million years ago. Sitting at the northernmost tip of Antarctica it was explored by the American Nathaniel Palmer in 1820. Directly south of South America, the peninsula is flanked on the east by the frozen Weddell Sea and on the west by the Bellingshausen Sea, warmer but buffeted by fierce winds. It was originally called the Palmer Peninsula by the Americans and Graham Land by the British, who claimed the peninsula as part of the Falkland Islands dependencies. Since 1964 the peninsula has been called the Antarctic Peninsula. The northern part of the peninsula is called Graham Land, the southern part, Palmer Land.
Offshore you will find the South Shetland Islands and you may also visit Petermann Island at the south end of the Lemaire Channel. Sail through Paradise Harbour or the Neumayer Channel considered one of Antarctica's most beautiful passages. Other islands you may see include Cuverville Island, the Melchior Islands and Pleneau Island.
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