Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York, after New York and a port for visting Niagara Falls. Located in Western New York on the eastern shores of Lake Erie and at the head of the Niagara River across from Fort Erie, Ontario, Situated at the confluence of Lake Erie and the Buffalo River and Niagara Rivers, Buffalo is a waterfront city. The city's rise to economic power came through its waterways and it remains, though to a lesser degree, a hub of commerce, trade, and industry. A significant part of Buffalo's waterfront is now being transformed into a focal point for social and recreational activity.
The Olmsted Park and Parkway System is the hallmark of Buffalo's many green spaces. Three-fourths of city park land is part of the system, which comprises six major parks, eight connecting parkways, nine circles and seven smaller spaces. Begun in 1868 by Frederick Law Olmsted and his partner Calvert Vaux, the system was integrated into the city and marks the first attempt in America to lay out a coordinated system of public parks and parkways.
Buffalo is home to over 50 private and public art galleries, most notably the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, home to a world-class collection of modern and contemporary art. Buffalo is one of the top cities in America for architecture with approximately 80 sites included on the National Register of Historic Places. All of the major American architects of the 19th and early 20th century built masterpieces in Buffalo, most of which are still standing. They include The Guaranty Building, Hotel Buffalo, the H. H. Richardson Complex, originally the New York State Asylum for the Insane, the Buffalo City Hall building, a spectacular art deco skyscraper and several buildings by Frank Lloyd Wright.
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