The city of Busan, on the southeast coast of Korea has a population of around 3.6 million, making it Korea's second largest city and largest port. The Busan area is mainly commercial and industrial but it is also known for its recreational resorts, parks, and ancient temples tucked away in forested hills. Explore the city and visit Pomosa Temple, the United Nations Cemetery, or the open-air fish market. Take a day to visit the famous Kyongju.
The name BUsan, "Cauldron Mountain", refers to the ring of peaks, rising to over 2,500 feet behind the city. During the Yi dynasty Busan had key roles not only in trade with Japan, but in repelling its invasions. In 1592 that Admiral Yi-Sun-Shin defeated the Japanese armada with his ironclad "turtle ships" off the coast nearby. Trade with the outside world started in 1876, when the Yi Dynasty was forced to abandon its isolationist policy and sign a treaty imposed by Japan. During the Korean War, Busan served as the country's temporary capital.
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