A quiet, peaceful, crescent-shaped island 25 miles south of St Vincent in the Grenadines, with very few tourists and excellent reef-protected beaches. The main anchorage is Charlestown. Grand Bay, Corbec and Rameau Bays, South Glossy and Friendship Bays offer excellent snorkelling. Off the main road on the Windward side of the island behind a long reef is a beautiful beach.
The first people to discover St. Vincent (or "Hairoun" as it was first known) and the Grenadines came in small craft from South America. First the Ciboney, then Arawaks and finally the fierce Caribs arrived. It took more than 200 years after Columbus for the Europeans to establish any kind of permanent settlement due to their resistance. Joined by Caribs defeated on other islands and slaves (Black Caribs) who had escaped bondage on Barbados, they proved to be an formidable foe.
In 1748, troublesome St. Vincent was officially declared neutral by Britain and France but in 1763, the British decided to claim the island. In 1779, the French took over the island with hardly a shot fired. With the Treaty of Versailles in 1783, St. Vincent was brought back into the British fold. However, the Black Caribs went on the offensive in 1795 in what is now called the Second Carib War, or "Brigands War". In 1797, after fierce fighting and loss of life on both sides, the British forced the remaining Black Caribs to choose between annihilation or surrender. They chose the latter and were then rounded up and shipped off to what is now Honduras and Belize, where their descendants still thrive.
In 1871, St. Vincent became a part of the British colony of the Windward Islands. In 1969, it became a British Associated State, which allowed for full internal autonomy, while Britain handled foreign affairs and defence. Ten years later, on October 27, 1979, St. Vincent and the Grenadines became a fully independent state within the British Commonwealth.
The following 5 cruises call at Canouan.
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