Capri is a beautiful and relatively unspoiled dot in the Bay of Naples, about 4 miles long and 3/4 mile wide, it has rugged limestone crags rising to a hight of 1944 feet above the sea. Capri was first occupied by the Greeks and then the Romans, when in 29 BC it became the playground of Emperor Augustus and his successor, Tiberius. The only places of any size are the picturesque little towns of Capri and Anacapri. The island has a rich flora, including the acanthus, whose leaves form the characteristic ornament of Corinthian capitals.
The regular boats and hydrofoils land their passengers in the picturesqe port of Marina Grande, on the north coast of the island. From here a funicular (5 minutes), a stepped footpath (1/2 hour) and a road (2 miles) leads up to the town of Capri, the island's capital. The central feature of the town is the little Piazza Umberto I, at the top of the funicular from Marina Grande. From here it is a short walk past the steps leading up to the church of Santo Stefano (1683) and along the main shopping street to the Certosa de San Giacomo (founded 1371, restored 1933), a former Carthusian house, which houses the Museo Diefenbach, with late Romanesque picures by Diefenbach (1851 - 1915). The adjoining church of San Giacomo has a Gothic doorway, 17th c. frescoes and two cloisters.
In Anacapri take the short chairlift ride to Monte Solaro for great views. About 2 miles north-west of Anacapri is one of Capri's great tourist attractions, the Blue Grotto, which can be reached either by boat from Marina Grande or by road from Anacapri. This, the most famous of Capri's caves, was carved out of the rock in prehistoric times by the constant battering of the sea and is now half-filled with water. The entrance, only about 3 1/2 feet high, can be negotiated only by small boats when the sea is calm. When the sun is shining it is filled with an extraordinary blue light.
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