Christmas Island is a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean some 2,600 km (1,600 miles) northwest of the Western Australian city of Perth and 360 km (220 miles) south of the Indonesian capital, Jakarta. It has a population of 1,400 residents who live in a number of "settlement areas" on the northern tip of the island: Flying Fish Cove (also known as Kampong), Silver City, Poon Saan, and Drumsite. The majority of the population is Chinese Australian. The island was principally known for phosphate mining but has now developed tourism with its unique annual red crab migration, rare and unusual birds, diving and glorious deserted beaches.
Captain William Mynors of the Royal Mary, a British East India Company vessel, named the island when he sailed past it on Christmas Day in 1643. Several British ships carried out surveys of the island in the 1870s and 1880s and phosphate was discovered. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s using indentured workers from Singapore, Malaya and China. The island was occupied during WW2 by the Japanese but returned to British rule in 1945. Sovereignty was transferred to Australia in 1957.
There are no cruises currently listed for this port of call.
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