Copenhagen is located in Eastern Denmark on the islands of Zealand and Amager, at the southern end of The Sound (Oresund) that separates the Kattegat and the North Sea from the Baltic. There's an irresistible charm to the welcome of Denmark's cosmopolitan capital. There are two two cruise pier facilities. For cruises on a day call, the Langelinie Pier is about 1.5 miles from the city centre. The pier has some shops and it is a short walk to the Little Mermaid but the rest of town is a pretty long walk. However, although shuttle buses are rarely provided, there is a local bus service to the city centre and hop-on, hop-off bus and boat stops close by. The Freeport Terminal is used for cruises embarking and disembarking and is a good 2 miles from the city. You will need a taxi to get here but if you are on a day call the ship should provide a shuttle bus.
If you are walking from the ship, you will pass the Kastellet, the city's main fortress from 1660 to the 18th century, and St Alban's Church with a spectacular fountain nearby. Next is the Amelienborg Palace comprising four 18th century Rococo mansions around a large plaza followed by old Nyhavn harbour's quayside restaurants and boats. Stroget, made up of five pedestrianised shopping streets, runs from the The Royal Theatre to the Town Hall (Radhus) and offers a maze of beautifully restored 18th century buildings. Near the Radhusplazen is Tivoli Gardens, opened in 1843 and offering landscaped gardens, restaurants, concerts and a fairground. Not too far away is The National Museum and Christiansborg Palace (now the Parliament).
Also worth a visit is Rosenborg Castle in the King's Park (Kongens Have) with its collection of treasures, the priceless crown jewels, and lovely gardens. Travel further afield to see Kronborg Castle at Elsinore, the setting of Shakespeare's Hamlet or Fredensborg Slot (Castle of Peace), which was built to commemorate the 1720 peace treaty with Sweden. The castle is now the summer residence of the Danish Royal Family. Roskilde, 19 miles east of Copenhagen, has a Viking Ship Museum and a Cathedral.
Copenhagen was a fishing village until the middle of the 12th century. Fortified by Bishop Absalon in 1167 and because of its harbour, it became a place of commercial importance and was repeatedly attacked by the Hanseatic towns. The city was chosen for the capital in 1443 by Christopher III. In 1801, during the Napoleonic Wars, a British flotilla, commanded by Horatio Nelson, destroyed a Danish fleet in the harbour of Copenhagen harbour and in 1807 British naval vessels bombarded the city to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
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