Dar es Salaam sits on the Indian Ocean onn the east coast of Tanzania. It is the country's largest city and former capital and from here you can get a train inland to Arusha in the north, to Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria, and to Zambia for whom the port operates as an outlet for its copper exports. While you are here you can visit the Kariakoo market, the Botanical Gardens, National Central Library and the National Museum of Tanzania which has notable collections dealing with east African archaeology and history.
Dar es Salaam (which means "haven of peace" in Arabic) was founded in the 1860s as a summer residence for the sultan of Zanzibar. It was developed by German colonists and became the capital of German East Africa in 1896. The city fell to British control in 1916 but it became the capital of a newly independent Tanganyika in 1961 and when Tanganyika and Zanzibar were merged to form Tanzania in 1964. In 1974 Dodoma was designated the new capital of Tanzania.
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