Dutch Harbour is a major fishing port on the island of Unalaska in the Aleutian Islands. The island is the most important and second largest of the Aleutians and reaches a height of 2036m (6680ft) on the often-smoking cone of Makushin Volcano. Visit the Russian Orthodox Church of the Holy Ascension - the oldest Russian church still standing in Alaska and a National Historic Landmark. Or perhaps explore Egg Island, home to Leach's fork-tailed petrels, storm petrels, and ancient murrelets or Baby Island, part of an impressive archipelago that is habitat for sea otters and bald eagles. This island also offers an opportunity for shopping.
Unalaska was settled from 1760 to 1775 by Russian fur traders and became the base of a large U.S. Coast Guard fleet that patrolled the sealing grounds of the Pribilof Islands to the north. During WW2 it was home to two US airfields used to defend the Aleutians against the Japanese. Although a few good harbours are found in the archipelago, navigation is dangerous because of almost perpetual fog and numerous reefs.
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