Falmouth is a resort and port in south-western England. It is located on the southern Cornish coast at the entrance to the large and sheltered natural harbour of Carrick Roads, a drowned valley at the junction of seven rivers. The harbour is popular with pleasure craft and Falmouth has several boat-building yards and a major ship repair yard. The Pendennis and St Mawes castles face each other across the Roads. They were built by Henry VIII in the 16th century to guard the entrance to the Roads; the protection they offered played an important part in Falmouth's development as a port.
Attractions in the town include Events Square, where you will find shops, restaurants and the Maritime Museum. There are good beaches on the seaward side of the town including Gyllyngvase and Swanpool Beaches. Falmouth is also a ferry hub and from here you can explore St Mawes and the Roseland Peninsula, Truro the capital of Cornwall and Trellissick Gardens.
Falmouth was one of the most important ports in Great Britain after 1698, when packet ships, fast, heavily armed sloops, sped across the oceans from Falmouth carrying post, royal messages, and bullion to all parts of the world. The packet service brought great prosperity to Falmouth, and the town's fortunes declined when it was transferred to Southampton. However, after the construction of the railway in 1863, Falmouth gained a new lease of life as a resort town.
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