Falmouth is the chief town and capital of Trelawny parish, Jamaica. Falmouth is situated on Jamaica's north coast near Montego Bay. Founded by Thomas Reid in 1769 and named after Sir William Trelawny's birthplace in Cornwall, Falmouth flourished as a market centre for forty years as Jamaica became the world's leading sugar producer. The town is noted for being one of the Caribbean's best-preserved historic towns.
Places of interest include the Albert George Shopping and Historical Centre, dating from 1895, the former residence of slave owner John Tharp and the St Peter's Anglican Church, built in 1795. Other sights are Greenwood Great House - finest antique museum in the Caribbean and Martha Brae Rafters' Village where you can take an exhilarating river ride on a 30 foot bamboo raft.
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Falmouth was one of the busiest ports in Jamaica. It was a wealthy town in a wealthy parish with a rich racial mix but its economy was largely based on slavery. Within the parish, nearly one hundred plantations were actively manufacturing sugar and rum for export to Britain. Jamaica had become the world's leading sugar producer. Starting in 1840, Falmouth's fortunes as a commercial centre declined after the emanciaption of slaves in the British Empire.
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